Engineering academy calls for efforts to tackle climate change
The Nigerian Academy of Engineering has highlighted the need to deploy a multidisciplinary approach to mitigate the impact of climate change on the environment.
NAEng also recommended reducing or eliminating emissions, implementing a global agreement on climate change, and raising public awareness of the effects of climate change.
An energy consultant, Dr. Funmi Coker, led the call at a forum on “Climate Change, COP26 and the Nigerian Engineer” at a webinar hosted by NAEng in Lagos.
He said engineers need to identify how, where and when to best deploy available technology solutions, balancing technological, economic and social factors, as well as developing and implementing engineering design standards and practices to climate changes.
He stressed the need to also develop and implement low greenhouse gas emission power supply, transport systems and industrial facilities, low GHG emission agriculture, human and agricultural waste management. and energy efficiency systems.
Coker said climate goals and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals could not be achieved without engineers, calling for multidisciplinary approaches to respond to the climate crisis.
He recommended that policymakers, professionals and stakeholders come together to build on fundamental scientific evidence and quickly implement solutions that are affordable, effective, equitable, respectful and inclusive for all.
“Engineers should build capacity and ensure technology transfer, work with government and international organizations on developing green engineering skills, work with academic institutions on climate change in curricula, and work with universities and research institutes on climate change research and development.”
The President, Engineering and Environment Management Services ltd, Professor Samuel Adefila explained that the challenges of climate change can only be managed through the transdisciplinary application of Policy, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) as a framework to ensure the sustainability of human civilization on earth.
He said the climate crisis was a complex problem but engineering had the solutions, warning that a rise in temperature above 1.5 degrees would have serious repercussions for humans.
Chairman of NAEng’s Environment and Climate Change Committee, Professor Salihu Mustafa, said actions to tackle the root causes of climate include launching a nature-based solution, reducing methane leaks from manufacturing industries, replacement of GHG emitting fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas with renewable.
Others, he said, were retrofitting old buildings and new structures to make them energy efficient, and using more electric and solar vehicles.
“Measures and policy documents have been produced by the federal government to address the impacts of climate change and these include: the Climate Change Act of 2021; National Climate Change Policy for Nigeria 2021-2030; Nationally Determined Contribution, and the National Agency for the Great Green Wall (NAGGW) Act 2015, the National Strategy for REDD+ and the recent meeting of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) of COP15 in Côte d’Ivoire,” he said.
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